How is Badminton Played? History, Rules, Equipment

Although it shares similarities with other racquet sports, how is badminton played? Swift wrist and arm movements are necessary. The feathered shuttlecock swings slightly different from a ball and has more aerodynamic drag. The sport of badminton has been practiced since the sixteenth century.

The Olympic competitions are the pinnacle of this indoor sport. Asian nations like China and India are leading the way in the sport’s popularity by generating some of the top athletes in the world. A rectangular court that is divided by a net is used to play the racket game of badminton between two opposed players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles).

By hitting a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it crosses the net and landing in their rivals’ half of the court, players get points. A rally is terminated once the shuttlecock touches the ground, and each side may only hit the shuttlecock once until it crosses the net.

How Is Badminton Played?

How is badminton played? It’s simple to In contrast to the balls used in most racket sports, shuttlecocks are feathered projectiles with unusual aerodynamic qualities. In particular, the feathers produce significantly more drag, which causes the shuttlecock to decelerate more quickly than a ball.

How is Badminton Played?

When compared to other racket sports, shuttlecocks have a substantially higher top speed. Competitive badminton is always played inside because wind persistently affects shuttlecock flight.

As a light-hearted pastime, badminton is also played outside, frequently like a game in a garden or on a beach. Since 1992, badminton has been an Olympic sport with five events: men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair consists of a man and a woman.

Objective Of the game

In badminton, the goal is to hit the shuttlecock over the net and have it land in one of the specified court locations. A rally starts if your opponent is successful in returning the shuttlecock.

You score a point if you force your opponent to hit the shuttlecock out of bounds or into the net by winning this rally. A set is won by scoring 21 points or more, and most contests are best-of-three sets. On either serve, points can be earned.

Badminton Court Dimensions

A badminton court is 5.18m (17ft) wide and 13.41m (44ft) long for singles play. The breadth can be doubled to 6.1 meters (20 feet). The net is 1.52m (5ft) high where it falls in the middle and 1.55m (5ft 1in) high at the ends. The short service line, which is 1.98m (6.5ft) from the net, must be crossed for a serve to be received.

Read More: Tennis Court Dimensions- All You Need to Know

A line that divides the left and right service courts are located outside the short service line. A doubles service line is also present, located 2.5 feet (0.7 meters) from the baseline. Each of the four service courts measures 3.96 m (13 ft) long by 2.59 m (8.5 ft).

How is Badminton Played?


The distinctive “ball” in badminton is the birdie, also known as the shuttlecock. Feathers or an artificial substance are used to create the cone-shaped projectile, which is then affixed to a cork or rubber base.

Because of its design, the bird always flies cork-first after being hit and stays that way until it is hit again. The birdie, which has 16 feathers, is between 62 and 70mm long and weighs 4.74 and 5.5g. The cork/rubber base should have a diameter of 25–28mm and should be rounded at the bottom. The feathers’ tip should form a circle with a diameter of 58–62mm.

How is Badminton Played?


With a toss, the game begins. One of the players shouts “Head” or “Tail” when the referee tosses the coin. The player or team that successfully flips the coin gets to choose the court’s side and whether to serve or receive first.

The opponent player or team may pick to serve or receive first if the player chooses their favorite side of the court and vice versa. The initial serve is made from the right-hand service court while serving laterally. At 1.15 meters, the server should strike the shuttle beneath the arm.

The server must serve from the proper service court and is not allowed to cross any lines of demarcation. The opponent has the chance to serve if the server makes a mistake while doing so. A rally is started when the receiving player receives the shuttlecock from the proper service court diagonally across from the server’s court and returns it.

How is Badminton Played?

After returning the service, players are free to move around on their side of the court. The rally is over when a player misses returning the shuttle from his or her side of the court or shoots the shuttle outside the court lines, giving the opponent a point. Players switch ends at the conclusion of each game, and in deciding games, players switch ends after one player or couple earns 8 (for men) or 6 (for women) points.

Badminton Rules

  • Either two (singles) or four (doubles) players can participate in a game.
  • A legitimate match must be held indoors on a court of the appropriate size. The court is 6.1 by 13.4 meters. The net is positioned in the center of the court and is set at 1.55 meters.
  • The shuttlecock must land inside the boundaries of the opponent’s court in order to score a point.
  • Your opponent scores a point if the shuttlecock lands outside the court or strikes the net.
  • Players must serve their opponent diagonally over the net. Serving stations switch from one side to the other when points are earned.
  • Since there are no second serves, the point is won by your opponent if your first serve is rejected.
  • A referee in a high chair who watches the game umpires each match. Additionally, line judges tend to see if the shuttlecock touches the ground. Referee decisions on fouls and infractions are final.
  • In the event of an unexpected or unintentional occurrence, the referee may call a let. One player was not prepared, the shuttlecock got stuck in the bet, the server served before his turn, and a decision that was too close to call are examples of these.
  • There are only two breaks in the game, each lasting 90 seconds after the first game and five minutes after the second.
  • If a player consistently violates the rules, the referee has the authority to deduct points from that player, with persistent violations resulting in a forfeit of the set or perhaps the entire match.


In what order do you play badminton?

In badminton, the goal is to hit the shuttlecock over the net and have it land in one of the specified court locations. A rally starts if your opponent is successful in returning the shuttlecock. You score a point if you force your opponent to hit the shuttlecock out of bounds or into the net by winning this rally.

How are kids taught to play badminton?

On a surface that mimics a tennis court, two or four players use small, light rackets to hit a feathery cork across a net. However, the cork, also known as a shuttlecock or bird, has a top speed of 110 miles per hour (177 kilometers per hour). It quickly slows down after that and slants downward.

What’s the name of the badminton balls?

The shuttlecock, commonly referred to as a “bird” or “birdie,” was historically a little cork hemisphere with 16 goose feathers sewn on it that weighed about 0.17 ounce (5 grams). However, shuttles constructed of synthetic materials may still be employed in a contemporary play.